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Sink / water infection control issues between clients are medical or dental treatment nor acceptable within managed appropriately symptoms 9dpiui purchase generic epitol canada. Teeth: Worn down teeth medications kidney infection order generic epitol line, decay (black or brown spots) treatment pink eye purchase 100 mg epitol otc, broken fllings symptoms 4 days post ovulation cheap epitol online amex, loose or broken teeth or exposed tooth roots top medicine buy epitol online now, tooth sensitivity. Dentures: Cracks, breaks, worn areas, cleanliness, signs of irritation, chipped or broken teeth on denture, bent or broken mental wires or clips on partial denture. Note: the Oral Health Assessment Tool is used by service providers for residents in aged care facilities. Note: If a person has a functional or cognitive limitation that impacts on their ability to perform oral health tasks they should be referred to the appropriate health service provider. A ‘yes’ to any of the 6 questions about natural teeth, mouth or dentures triggers a dental referral: 1. Melbourne, Victoria: Prevention and Population Health Branch, Department of Health, 2013. Melbourne, Victoria: Prevention and Population Health Branch, Department of Health, 2011. The association of oral status with systemic health, quality of life, and economic productivity. Melbourne, Victoria: Health Development Section, Public Health Division, Department of Human Services, 1999. Dental care for older Victorians: development of the Victorian Gerodontic Program. Oral health of Australians: national planning for oral health improvement: fnal report. Professional oral healthcare by dental hygienists reduced respiratory infections in elderly persons requiring nursing care. Oral health and access to dental care: a qualitative investigation among older people in the community. Aged Care working with people with challenging behaviours in residential aged care facilities. Oral health for older people: evaluation of the South Australian Dental Service Project. Financial Disclosure: the authors of this article have indicated no relevant relationships that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest. Physicians should claim only credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. The functional information possibly augments accurate delinea for the target volume and organs at risk delineated by the tion and treatment of the tumor and its extensions while reducing radiation oncologist. With this technique, different dose prescriptions to mor characteristics determining radiation resistance. These recommendations on the use For correspondence or reprints contact: Esther G. Additionally, it may reduce treat ment-related side effects in those patients, as the selected treatment volume is often confined to the primary tumor or metastatic lymph nodes causing discomfort or pain. In the subset of studies only with head and neck cancer, this finding has been less enrolling patients without clinically apparent cervical consistent. The optimal demonstrated in a landmark study including laryngeal cancer relative-threshold level thereby depends on the lesion size patients (11). The authors investigated the role of coregis but not on the signal-to-background ratio. With this technique, the escalated dose is delivered results validated against histopathology (11). It is obvious simultaneously with the lower dose to the low-risk areas, as that additional validation studies are needed as well as opposed to being delivered sequentially, at the end of the carefully designed clinical trials to address the issue of treatment. However, it will be at least challenging to design and and one patient at the higher. This ap gressively reduced the irradiated volumes by 27%242% proach was pioneered by Schwartz et al. These factors largely deter possible shortcomings of these concepts, additional histo mine the outcome of radiotherapy in terms of local and logic validation studies and properly designed clinical regional tumor control but ultimately also the risk of distant studies are needed. The squamous cell carcinomas of the cervix and the head and 2-y overall survival and event-free survival rates of patients neck (27,28). In distance from the supplying blood vessel (chronic hypoxia), a similar study, Vernon et al. In accessible tumors of the head and neck or small and heterogeneous patient populations, they have only uterine cervix, this assessment can be done by invasive short follow-up periods, and they use historical controls. The the suggested improvements in tumor control can be advantage of the polarographic electrodes is that the entire attributed to improved radiotherapy techniques or are due tumor can be mapped using multiple tracks. Un this approach, the tumor control probability was increased fortunately, the tumor biopsy samples are often small and from 56% to 70% while the same level of toxicity was represent only a fraction of the entire tumor. However, one has to be cautious in exogenous markers require intravenous administration before interpreting the data because the number of patients in biopsy samples can be taken. This information can potentially be used not a strong correlation between tracer uptake and a low level only as a selection instrument for treatment modification but for partial pressure of oxygen (49). It was the first hypoxia also for optimization of radiotherapy planning and delivery. Apart from its prognostic imidazole showed a higher and more heterogeneously value, Rischin et al. Patients with hypoxic primary tumors 18F-fluoroerythronitroimidazole and was proven feasible treated with the additional cytotoxin experienced signifi and of sufficient quality for clinical use in patients with cantly fewer local failures than patients treated with head and neck cancer (53,54). More important, the concept of escalate the dose to 105 Gy in hypoxic regions was dose painting to hypoxic subvolumes either by uniform successful in only 1 of the 2 plans studied. In a third study, doses or by dose painting by numbers is still the subject of Thorwarth et al. In this context, we investigated 10 the radiation dose levels required for effective elimination different head and neck carcinoma xenograft tumor lines of the radioresistant subpopulations remains unanswered. In 5 xenograft tumor false-positive readings due to tracer uptake in inflammatory lines, a significant correlation between the mean 18F tissue or reactive lymph nodes. This finding indicates that one should be Tumor cell proliferation during the course of therapy cautious when studying small tumor subvolumes for dose adversely affects radiation treatment outcome and progno escalation (58). Apart from different distribution patterns of sis in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (60). In primary head and neck tumors, this promising compound has thus far been applied only to primary laryngeal tumors (65). The predictive poten tion for discrimination between tumor and inflammatory tial of this approach and applicability for tailored treatment tissue (67–69). There 1-11C-acetate is suggested to preferentially metabolize to fore, an imaging tool for assessment of tumor blood flow the membrane lipids in tumor cells. In a staging and may provide important information relevant for radiother radiotherapy planning study for head and neck cancer, apy responsiveness. However, they remain in the research arena more than one tracer may open new horizons in the future. For example, resolution is limited by the distance a positron travels before it annihilates. We thank Peter van scanners is on the order of 5–7 mm, compared with 1–3 Kollenburg and Aswin Hoffmann for their contribution to mm for small-animal scanners. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma: dosimetric advantage over conven staging and treatment of head and neck cancer (76). In these tumor sites, with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: a meta-analysis. Int J Radiat decision if distant metastases or second primary tumors are Oncol Biol Phys. Hypoxia and glucose volume delineation and dose distribution using helical tomotherapy. Radiother metabolism in malignant tumors: evaluation by [18F]fluoromisonidazole and Oncol. Quantification of volumetric and radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: a feasibility study. Int J Radiat Oncol geometric changes occurring during fractionated radiotherapy for head-and-neck Biol Phys. A novel approach to overcome hypoxic adversely affects the prognosis of carcinoma of the head and neck. Invasive oxygen measurements and tracer pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and metabolism. Repopulation of cancer cells during therapy: an important neck cancer before radiotherapy. Imaging of tissue sarcomas of the extremities with 18F-39-fluoro-39-deoxy-L-thymidine. CheckMate 141: Overall Survival Among Patients Receiving 1L Nivolumab After Recurrence on Platinum-Based Therapy in the Primary/Adjuvant Setting Gillison M, et al. Here we describe a classical case of oral chronic ulcer related to mechanical dental trauma. In this case, unilateral crossbite malocclusion was able to produce oral mucosal lesion that was suffcient to cause a large, chronic tongue ulcer and sub sequent mild epithelial dysplasia. In absence of dental trauma, his chronic ulcer of the tongue resolved within a few weeks. This case suggests evidence on the direct relationship between chronic oral trauma and the potential occurrence of a dysplastic process. Keywords: chronic traumatic ulcer, oral dysplasia, tongue ulcer, dental trauma, malocclusion. He Several authors hypothesized a cause-and-effect reported the presence of a tongue lesion developed relationship between repetitive dental trauma and about 6 months earlier, after he realized that he had oral carcinoma (1-9). He had no history of smoking or al Unfortunately, at present, there are no reports cohol consumption. His past medical history was not demonstrating the histopathological evidence of the contributory. In the previous months, he did not take potentially carcinogenic effects on oral tissues caused any medications. On palpation, which was hard-elastic, a mild epithelial dysplasia of the tongue caused by with elevated edges, measuring 0. Department of Biomedical, Surgical especially during sleep, we performed a coronal and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Via Della Commenda reduction (coronal plastic) on maxillary first and 10, 20122 Milan, Italy. Surgical excision of the lesion could not guarantee long term results, due to the persistent dental traumatism. Any orthodontic treatment would have required too long time and in any case the prognosis would remain uncertain.

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A dysesthesia should always be unpleasant and a paresthesia should not be unpleas ant treatment plan template epitol 100mg with visa, although it is recognized that the borderline may present some difficulties when it comes to treatment herniated disc buy generic epitol 100mg on-line deciding as to medicine venlafaxine cheapest generic epitol uk whether a sensation is pleasant or unpleasant medicine vs surgery order discount epitol. For pain evoked by stimuli that usually are not painful medicine 3 times a day cheap 100mg epitol otc, the term allodynia is preferred, while hyperalgesia is more ap propriately used for cases with an increased response at a normal threshold, or at an increased threshold. It should also be recognized that with allodynia the stimulus and the response are in different modes, whereas with hyperalgesia they are in the same mode. Current evidence suggests that hyperalgesia is a consequence of perturbation of the no ciceptive system with peripheral or central sensitization, or both, but it is important to distinguish between the clinical phenomena, which this definition emphasizes, and the interpretation, which may well change as knowledge advances. Hyperesthesia may refer to various modes of cutaneous sensibility including touch and thermal sensation without pain, as well as to pain. The word is used to indicate both diminished threshold to any stimulus and an increased response to stimuli that are normally recognized. Hyperesthesia includes both allodynia and hyperalgesia, but the more specific terms should be used wherever they are applicable. Page 212 Hyperpathia A painful syndrome characterized by an abnormally painful reaction to a stimulus, especially a repetitive stimulus, as well as an increased threshold. Faulty identifica tion and localization of the stimulus, delay, radiating sensation, and after-sensation may be pre sent, and the pain is often explosive in character. The changes in this note are the specification of allodynia and the inclusion of hyperalgesia explicitly. Previously hyperalgesia was implied, since hyperesthesia was mentioned in the previous note and hyperalgesia is a special case of hyperesthe sia. Note: Hypoalgesia was formerly defined as diminished sensitivity to noxious stimulation, making it a particular case of hypoesthesia (q. However, it now refers only to the occurrence of rela tively less pain in response to stimulation that produces pain. Hypoesthesia covers the case of di minished sensitivity to stimulation that is normally painful. The implications of some of the above definitions may be summarized for convenience as follows: Allodynia: ` owered threshold: stimulus and response mode differ Hyperalgesia: increased response: stimulus and response mode are the same Hyperpathia: raised threshold: stimulus and response mode may be the increased response: same or different Hypoalgesia: raised threshold: stimulus and response mode are the same lowered response: the above essentials of the definitions do not have to be symmetrical and are not symmetrical at present. Also, there is no cate gory for lowered threshold and lowered response-if it ever occurs. Note: Common usage, especially in Europe, often implies a paroxysmal quality, but neuralgia should not be reserved for paroxysmal pains. Neurogenic Pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion, dysfunction, or transitory perturbation in the periph Pain eral or central nervous system. Neuropathic Pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system. Peripheral neuropathic pain occurs when the lesion or dysfunction affects the peripheral nervous system. Central pain may be retained as the term when the lesion or dysfunction affects the central nervous system. Neuropathy A disturbance of function or pathological change in a nerve: in one nerve, mononeuropathy; in several nerves, mononeuropathy multiplex; if diffuse and bilateral, polyneuropathy. Neuropathy is not intended to cover cases like neurapraxia, neurotmesis, section of a nerve, or transitory impact like a blow, stretching, or an epileptic discharge. Nociceptor A receptor preferentially sensitive to a noxious stimulus or to a stimulus which would become noxious if prolonged. Stimulus Note: Although the definition of a noxious stimulus has been retained, the term is not used in this list to define other terms. Note: Traditionally the threshold has often been defined, as we defined it formerly, as the least stimulus intensity at which a subject perceives pain. Properly defined, the threshold is really the experience of the patient, whereas the intensity measured is an external event. It has been common usage for most pain research workers to define the threshold in terms of the stimulus, and that should be avoided. In psychophysics, thresholds are defined as the level at which 50% of stimuli are recognized. In that case, the pain threshold would be the level at which 50% of stimuli would be recognized as pain ful. Pain tolerance the greatest level of pain which a subject is prepared to tolerate. The stimuli which are normally measured in relation to its production are the pain tolerance level stimuli and not the level itself. Thus, the same argument applies to pain tolerance level as to pain threshold, and it is not defined in terms of the external stimulation as such. After much discussion, it has been agreed to recommend that paresthesia be used to describe an abnormal sensation that is not unpleasant while dysesthesia be used preferentially for an abnormal sensation that is considered to be unpleasant. The use of one term (paresthesia) to indicate spontaneous sensations and the other to refer to evoked sensations is not favored. There is a sense in which, since paresthesia refers to abnormal sensations in general, it might include dysesthesia, but the reverse is not true. Dysesthesia does not include all abnormal sensations, but only those which are unpleasant. Peripheral Pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction or transitory perturbation in the periph neurogenic eral nervous system. See lar, 47 upper, unknown origin, 106 Conversion pain, nonarticular, 47 cervico-thoracic, unknown ori Pain of psychological origin Rheumatoid arthritis, 47 gin, 106 Pulpitis, odontalgia, 73 temporomandibular joint, 71 diffuse, 192-195 Page 221 fractures, multiple, 192 thoracic, 112-119 Tension headache generalized, 192-195 Spinal stenosis, 188, 205 acute, 68 arthritis, 192 Spine, back pain chronic, 68 metabolic bone disease, neurological origin, 193 Testicular pain, 172 192 visceral origin, 193 Thigh pain, musculoskeletal origin, lower thoracic, unknown ori Spines, kissing, 185 204-205 gin, 115 Spondylitis, ankylosing, 193 Thoracic discogenic pain, 116 lumbar, 175-186 Spondylolysis, 186 Thoracic disk, prolapsed, radicular arthritis, 177 Sprain pain, 119 congenital vertebral anulus fibrosus, 184 Thoracic muscle anomaly, 177 ligament spasm, 118 failed spinal surgery, 179 alar, 111 sprain, 117 fracture, 175 lumbar, 184 Thoracic outlet syndrome, 96 infection, 175 muscle Thoracic rib, first, malformed, 97 lower, unknown origin, 179 cervical, 109 Thoracic segmental dysfunction, metabolic bone disease, lumbar, 182 119 176 thoracic, 117 Thoracic spinal pain. It proved to have high sensitivity and specifcity included both men and women in all age groups with for full thickness tears with relatively less sensitivity and shoulder pain, suspected to have musculo-tendinous specifcity in detection of partial thickness tear. Tendon Dynamic examination of shoulder can be carried out in multiple infammation, tendon tear, joint instability, arthritis, fracture are planes and areas of concern can be focused promptly to common causes of shoulder pain. However, it has its own limitations such as include infections and nerve related conditions. The rotator high operator dependency, limited utility in evaluation of labral cuff disorders constitute the most common cause of painful lesions, rotator cuff interval, in demonstrating subtle bony shoulder [2]. Continuous active and passive forces make the lesions and inter-observer variations. It is insensitive to intra substance and techniques: In our study we followed techniques and protocol superfcial partial tears of rotator cuff [8]. Protocol experience with musculoskeletal imaging and also on the 1 Biceps brachii tendon, long head equipment available [4]. Ultrasonography has advantages 2 Subscapularis and biceps brachii tendon, subluxation/ of being comparatively a faster technique with low cost and dislocation wide availabilty. After clinical evaluation, irregularity of the greater tuberosity and compressibility. Partial thickness tear: It is presence of hypoechoic or heterogeneously echoic defect extending to articular surface Inclusion Criteria or bursal surface but not completely involving the tendon. Effacement of fbrillar pattern of tendon may also be stimulators and cochlear implants). Biceps tendon dislocation is International Journal of Anatomy, Radiology and Surgery. On T2-weighted images, true defects Appearance of thickened bursal wall is also a diagnostic associated with partial tears are hyperintense, contrary to criteria for infammation. Magic angle phenomenon may result Acromioclavicular joint arthropathy is considered when there in artifactually increased signal in regions where the tendon is narrowing, distension of joint capsule and/or presence of courses at a 55-degree angle in relation to the main magnetic marginal osteophytes [14]. Sense–Flex M coil was used and centered over the affected Sensitivity, specifcity, accuracy, the positive predictive value shoulder. Myriad conditions lead to rotator cuff disorders acromioclavicular joint arthropathy shoulder pain with common ones being tendon infammation, was most common pathology seen in 40(66. Arthrography on ultrasonography examination out of 60 patients 42 (70%) traditionally used for diagnosis of rotator cuff tears is invasive patients showed either isolated or combined rotator cuff tears technique with many health risks [17]. Agreement between uSg and mRi in diagnosing rotator cuff tears: the agreement between the two methods was assessed using kappa coeffcient (Kappa=0. The level of sensitivity and specifcity seen in sixth decade of life, similar to that observed by White seen in our study closely resembles to that of Cullen et al. Nine (15%) patients had full thickness tear or combined partial and full thickness tear. One patient with full thickness rotator cuff tear was misdiagnosed as partial thickness tear. High frequency probes with good settings for the musculoskeletal ultrasound is needed. Another limitation in our study, symptomatic in detecting calcifc deposits in rotator cuff tendon [23,24]. It is also proved to be superior characterisation of tear with respect to location and extent. Associate Consultant, Department of Radiology, Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Date of Publishing: Jan 01, 2017 18 International Journal of Anatomy, Radiology and Surgery. Although the incidence of lost time claims from of an intricate complex of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Current standards emphasize risks associated with occupational shoulder pain [4,5]. Physiotherapy along with a patient’s age (> 37) and possible psychological factors is the frst-line treatment for most non-traumatic shoulder injuries have shown strong correlations with the onset of shoulder disorders as it addresses most repetitive overload disorders commonly found [1,7]. Analgesics and injections have a role for pain relief but should only be used as a temporary measure. A Common shoulder diagnoses covered in this article include surgical approach can be considered if there is a specifc pathology rotator cuf disorders (subacromial impingement, partial and full without red fag indicators but an initial trial of physiotherapy should thickness rotator cuf tears), adhesive capsulitis, and trauma-related be recommended. Correctly identifying a shoulder injury can be Keywords done by taking an accurate patient history andappropriate physical Occupational shoulder injuries, Physical examination, Rotator examination. Tere are a variety of diferent options to treat shoulder injuries Introduction but they are heavily dependent on an accurate diagnosis. The main The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint in the human body goal for treating shoulder injuries is to return the patient to regular but sacrifces stability as a result. Surgery is usually only recommended if the patient has reoccurring shoulder dislocations or red fags [8]. J Musculoskelet Disord Treat 1:002 Received: August 31, 2015: Accepted: September 26, 2015: Published: September 28, 2015 ClinMed Copyright: © 2015 Brown G. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of International Library the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Shoulder biomechanics The shoulder being the most mobile joint in the body comprises many diferent muscles, bones, and ligaments. With most injuries occurring with the rotator cuf muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor), understanding their regular function and interaction with the surrounding tissue (ligaments, glenoid labrum, etc) is key to diagnosing and administering proper treatment. The scapula comprises the origin of the rotator cuf muscles and glenoid labrum and is used as a base for stabilizing the humeral head [14]. Improper positioning of the scapula (scapular protraction) can afect the internal and external rotation strength of the rotator cuf muscles along with decreasing subacromial space [15].

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IgA in the papillary duced in rabbits medicine 74 generic 100mg epitol, murines or caprines medicine natural order epitol online from canada, and conjugated dermal vessel walls; C medicine 94 buy generic epitol 100mg line. There is no correlation between antibody titers and the extension or activity of the disease medications qt prolongation buy cheap epitol online. The salt-split skin technique allows their differentiation through the localization of fluo rescence symptoms ebola buy cheapest epitol. Salt Split Skin, epidermal side on both sides of the cleavage in 15% of the cases (Fig (IgG); B. The subclass with pathogenic and nonpathogenic Demonstration of Pneumococcal Antigen in Tissues by autoantibodies in pemphigus vulgaris: a model for the Use of Fluorescent Antibody. The development of immunofluorescence Herpetiform pemphigus, a variable pattern of and the immunopathology of the skin. Hashimoto T, Kiyokawa C, Mori O, Miyasato M, Chidgey Indirect Immunofluorescent Staining. Basement zone antibodies in bullous antibody of the skin: diagnostic significance and pemphigoid. Cooperative Group autoantibodies recognize a common non-collagenous on Fogo Selvagem Research. Cooperative Group on Fogo mucous membrane pemphigoid: definition, diagnostic Selvagem Research. Antiepiligrin cicatricial pemphigoid: an sue injury is detected only in the epidermis. The underdiagnosed entity within the spectrum of scarring Cooperative Group on Fogo Selvagem Research. Bhol K, Natarajan K, Nagarwalla N, Mohimen A, Aoki V, Chronic bullous disease of childhood, childhood An Bras Dermatol. Direct and indirect immunofluorescence 499 cicatricial pemphigoid, and linear IgA disease of adults. Complement and cuta Schonlein vasculitis: direct immunofluorescence study neous autoimmune blistering diseases. Differentiating anti-lamina lucida and anti immunofluorescence study of lichen planus. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar, 255 systemic lupus erythematosus: association with renal Laboratório de Imunopatologia Cutânea disease. Because conventional therapy for many autoimmune diseases is limited both in efficacy and safety, there is an increased interest in identifying nutraceuticals, particularly probiotics, able to modulate the microbiota and ameliorate these diseases. We included results from different types of studies including observational and interventional clinical trials or in vivo and in vitro experimental studies. Further studies are needed to better understand the impact of new therapies on intestinal microbiota. It is also important to determine whether the microbiota of patients with autoimmune diseases can be manipulated in order to restore homeostasis of the microbiota. Keywords: microbiota; immune-mediated diseases; autoimmune skin diseases; probiotics 1. Introduction Antibiotic therapy is one of the most effective forms of therapy known to man. The 1940s was called the “golden age of antibiotics” because it followed the discovery of penicillin by Fleming et al. For this reason, most researchers have focused on identifying pathogenic bacteria and developing antimicrobial substances against these species. Currently, antibiotics are recognized for their utility in treating and preventing bacterial infections. However, they have a negative impact on the commensal (good) bacteria of the body. Since 1950, interest in identifying nutraceuticals to inhibit the excessive growth of pathogens has increased. Probiotics (bios or “for life”) are defined as viable species of microorganisms that, when administered, modulate gastrointestinal flora and provide health benefits [2–4]. Gastrointestinal flora is a part of the human microbiota consisting of trillions of microbes living on and within humans. Microbiota include the total microorganisms that share our body space and colonize different areas of the body such as the skin, nasal cavities, oral cavities, eyes, and the genitourinary tract [5,6]. The microbiome, sometimes called the second genome, is formed by a large Microorganisms 2019, 7, 279; doi:10. The gut microbiota, also known as the intestinal microbiota or intestinal flora, consists of all bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms that colonize the gastrointestinal tract [8]. At this level, the main essential (beneficial) and opportunistic (pathogenic) bacteria are: Lactobacillus spp. Bacteroides, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Actinobacteria are the main bacterial phyla identified in the fecal microbiota of healthy individuals [5]. The skin is the most exposed organ of the body in regard to environmental changes and stress. The bacteria that live on the skin are closely related in type and density to those found in skin glands or hair follicles in different areas. For example, Staphylococcus is a dominant species in both the sebaceous and moist areas, while Propionibacterium dominates only in the sebaceous and Corynebacterium only in the moist areas [11]. In healthy individuals, there is a balance between essential and opportunistic bacteria, while in a pathological state dysbiosis occurs. The balance between beneficial and pathogenic skin bacteria can be disturbed by endogenous or exogenous factors (Figure 1) [11]. Impact of endogenous and exogenous factors on the skin microbiome dashed line, normal (balanced) microbiota; red line, microbiota in pathologies the available body of evidence has shown links between intestinal microbiota and autoimmune diseases (arthritis, psoriasis, diabetes, and others) that target different tissues (joints, skin, and others), not only in those that target the intestine [15–18]. Survey Methodology We performed an electronic literature search in the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases; relevant articles published between 2009 and 2019 were included. We used the following search terms: “nutraceuticals”, “probiotics”, and “health benefits” in combination with “skin microbiota”, “gut microbiota”, “gastrointestinal bacteria”, “microbiome”, “immune mediated diseases”, and “autoimmune skin diseases”. In this review, we included evidence from various types of studies including interventional, observational, and experimental studies and covering both in vitro and in vivo research. The outer layers of the skin consist of the epidermis and dermis; a large percentage of the epidermis (up to 95%) consists of keratinocytes [23]. These cells have an extraordinary ability to divide and can regenerate the epidermis through self-renewal. Healthy keratinocytes function to provide a physical and chemical barrier against pathogens; they can also control the immune response of the skin [24]. Some are constitutively expressed in the skin and, in the case of disruption to the microbiota, their expression can be upregulated by certain bacterial species (such as S. These receptors can recognize various microbial pathogens and initiate an immune response. The immune system of the skin is characterized by the ability of different cells (innate immune cells: macrophages, dendritic cells, natural killer cells) to communicate with epithelial cells and together trigger a specific immune response [52]. Although epithelial cells are not considered innate immune cells, epithelial cells in the intestine express several types of innate immune receptors. Maintenance of intestinal homeostasis depends on the expression of these receptors and the transduction of active signals on the microbiota [53]. Gut Microbiota and Immunity Current thought is that the gut microbiota represents an important gateway to understanding the physiopathology and mechanism of many diseases [54]. Microbiota can establish relationships with the host, these interactions result in modulation of host immunity and hence influence many physiological functions [55]. Intestinal bacteria play an important role in modulating T cell function (T helper [Th]1, Th2, Th17) [56]. Innate and adaptive immunity structures form a complex network with an important role in adapting and responding to various external and internal environmental challenges [57]. This ‘barrier’ consists of epithelial cells, mucus, antimicrobial proteins, immune cells, etc. Goblet cells of the gastrointestinal track constitutively secrete mucus and play an important role in reducing the exposure of luminal antigens to the immune system cells [59]. Paneth cells, also located in the intestine, secrete a viscous fluid containing lysozyme, mucin 2 and antibacterial peptides. From the antibacterial peptides, α-defensins—together with IgA, neutrophils, and the innate lymphoid cells—form a strong defensive line against pathogens [60]. Because the microbiota continuously stimulates immune reactivity within the host, it is a key element for developing a strong immune system. In addition, an imbalance of homeostasis within the microbiota, especially after birth and in a child’s early years, causes important changes in the maturation and later function of the immune system. Any disturbance can predispose the individual to immune and/or inflammatory pathology later in life [61]. Acetate and propionate are produced by microbial species such as Bacteroidetes, while butyrate is produced by members of the Firmicutes family (Lachnospiraceae, Ruminococcaceae) [67,68]. The pathophysiology involves both the disruption of the skin’s epithelial barrier and an abnormal immune response [93]. It is considered commensal in approximately 30% of the human population and is mainly located in the nose. There is a complex interaction between factors from the host and pathogen; on the one hand, host factors provide chemical, physical, and antimicrobial properties to the skin, while on the other hand, pathogens possess mechanisms that interfere with adhesion and induce inflammation and immunological changes [90]. Dysbiosis contributes to disruption of the intestinal barrier integrity and increased permeability that allows microbes and toxins to enter into the systemic circulation and to reach target tissues, including the skin. These acids have an anti-inflammatory and beneficial role for the intestinal health [99,100]. Filaggrin is also an important factor involved in the differentiation of keratinocytes [103]. Other studies observed a reduction in Streptococcus, Corynebacterium, and Propionibacterium spp. This change in abundance of bacterial species on the skin could be a direct consequence of the action of antimicrobial compounds secreted by S. Psoriasis Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects 2–4% of the world’s population [105]. Several factors such as genetics and factors that cause disruption of the skin barrier and immune dysfunction, are involved in the onset and progression of this disease [106]. Over the past 20 years, considerable progress has been made in understanding the pathogenesis and treatment of psoriasis [107]. Compared to healthy individuals, the stool of psoriasis patients consists of a lower abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and a greater abundance of E. Additionally, they observed a higher ratio of Streptococcus/Proteobacteria in the skin of these patients [112]. Dysbiosis of the intestine favors the ‘leaky gut’ phenomena of increased intestinal permeability.

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For people under the age of 75 years medications not to be taken with grapefruit buy epitol with american express, the risk of being diagnosed with cancer is 11·3% and the risk of dying from the disease is 9·4% symptoms bladder cancer buy generic epitol canada. The most prevalent cancers in Ethiopia among the adult population are breast cancer (30 treatment 1 degree burn cheap epitol 100mg with mastercard. This is largely due to medicine jar discount epitol 100mg on-line the low awareness of cancer signs and symptoms medicine just for cough discount 100mg epitol fast delivery, inadequate screening and early detection and treatment services, inadequate diagnostic facilities and poorly structured referral. The country has very few cancer specialists (only 4 qualified oncologist for the entire population). This makes it difficult for a great majority of the population to access cancer treatment services, which results in long waiting times and cause many potentially curable tumors to progress to incurable stages. The reason for this despondent situation is that the cancer-treatment infrastructure in Ethiopia is inadequate and some cancer-management options are not readily available, within the health care system, cancer is treated through medical, surgical or radiation therapy, but some patients seek cancer treatment abroad. Effective cancer treatment requires surgical, radiation and therapy be available in the same setting to avoid distant referral and delays in treatment administration. Currently, the Ethiopian Essential Medicines List does not include chemotherapy for cancer. Even the essential medicines for pain-management are rare to find in most public hospitals. However, there are opportunities for a program to prevent and control cancer to develop and expand in Ethiopia. The country has adopted a comprehensive National Action Plan on the Prevention and Control of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases, including cancer. The country plans a nation-wide scale up of the screening and treatment for cervical pre-cancer into over 800 health facilities (one health facility per district). There is also no comprehensive cancer surveillance system, and population-based cancer registry limited to the Addis Ababa region at present. Cancer patients, survivors Have the right to get treatment, psychosocial Lack of cancer information. Medicines& medical Make good-quality medicines and medical Weak public-private coordination in H H Supportive High equipment suppliers equipment available at a fair and affordable importing cancer medicines and price supplies. Cancer Diagnosis &Treatment Availability of the three-tiered Lack of expertise on cancer diagnosis Availability of mid-level professionals all Interventions are health care delivery system and treatment over the country for possible task-shifting expensive. Expansion of health care Lack of diagnostic and treatment Can be integrated in health care delivery Sustainability not assured services all over the country facilities system Radiotherapy equipment Availability of Cancer plan and the service is limited in tertiary hospitals Availability of telecom infrastructure widely status relative to strategy and centralized gives opportunity for capacity building population need is grossly Pharmaceuticals and medical Inadequate diagnostic and treatment through e-learning. Cancer palliative care Included in National Cancer Minimal palliative care knowledge and Community conversation structure, local Lack of budget & funding Control and Prevention practice by health workers. Demographic and Health Survey Lack of accurate mortality surveillance and research work. It aims to build on the existing health system in Ethiopia to strengthen cancer control capacities in both the public and private sectors through control of risk factors associated with cancer, investment in cancer care workforce, equipment and research. It describes aspects of cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment and care for the population as well as the investment needed to deliver these services. The plan particularly reinforces the need for action to prevent cancer, especially related to smoking and other modifiable risk factors. Enhanced health promotion, education and advocacy will enable the government and other partners to improve public understanding of cancer. It will empower the public in general, to adopt healthier lifestyles and healthcare professionals in particular to recognize the symptoms of cancer and identify people at risk of or living with cancer. The following matrix outlines the other key relevant strategies and plans and their link with the plan for Control of cancer. These factors lead to increased exposure to modifiable life-style risk factors for cancer. Most developing countries such as Ethiopia are undergoing rapid urbanization, economic development and increased globalization of markets for unhealthy foods and consumer products all of which contribute to risk factor prevalence in the population. To mitigate the health impact of these socio-economic transformations and safeguard the gains made in economic development, the country must prioritize the Control of chronic non-communicable diseases. Development of a national cancer control plan is recommended wherever the burden of the disease is significant. Unfortunately, Ethiopia still has a developing health system that is not fully capable of tackling all of the key areas that form the ‘continuum of cancer control’. In addition, the country is classified as a low-income country, with a heavy burden of communicable diseases. There is, therefore, an urgent need to make the most efficient use of available limited resources for maximum impact through the identification and implementation of cost-effective strategies and innovations in cancer Control. It operates with an appropriate allocation of available resources among the various interventions with an equitable coverage of the population. This is done through systematic and equitable implementation of evidence-based interventions for prevention, early detection, treatment, and palliation. To promote community involvement and participation in cancer prevention, control and care 2. Partnership, team building and coordination, with the involvement of partners at various levels in the development, planning and implementation of interventions. The coordination will be based on clear definition and understanding of roles, responsibilities and mandates. Innovation, creativity and accountability, with the involvement of all stakeholders including cancer patients, civil society, partners and community at all stages of decision-making, planning, implementation and evaluation. Systematic and integrated approach to implementation of priority interventions as part of a national cancer action plan. Sustainability-identify and avail adequate resources required for long-term implementation within the national health systems. The primary level health care delivery system includes Health Posts (per 3,000 – 5,000 population), Health Centers (15,000 – 25,000 Population) and primary hospitals (60,000 – 100,000 population); secondary level health care delivery system includes general hospital which serves about 1-1. Forums of private sectors are established focusing on quality improvement and regulatory schemes. Types of cancer control interventions vary depending on the level of cancer control continuum. This document describes in detail what kind of strategic interventions are given at various levels of care. With rapid expansion of the physical infrastructure and equipping the primary level health care (health posts, health centers and primary hospitals) throughout the country and training and deployment at health care workers the primary level health care structure and function was revitalized and health posts were made to administratively and technically link with the health centers. Expansion of the coverage of primary level care across the country has improved access to basic information and referral for cancer patients, particularly for cervical and breast cancers with a highly effective screening and early detection potential. However, the types, roles and levels of engagement of the community health workers were not consistent throughout the country. Leaders of the network of women influence women under their leadership to practice a healthy life style. Some cancers like cervical and breast can benefit from early screening and detection and treating the disease before it grows into an advanced stage. However, due to lack of information, inadequate availability of diagnostic and screening facilities and lack of skilled health care providers, most of the cancer patients present with an advanced disease and often difficult and too late to treat and require a long time care. Cancer control requires a coordinated range of interventions from preventing the disease before it occurs, through availing early screening and detection facilities, providing diagnostic and treatment services and providing palliative and pain management for terminally ill patients. Approximately 40% of cancers are preventable through interventions such as tobacco control, promotion of healthy diets, physical activity, vaccination and protection against exposure to environmental carcinogens. Tested and culturally acceptable messages will be developed and channeled through these existing systems. Smokeless tobacco (also called oral tobacco, chewing tobacco or snuff) causes oral, esophageal and pancreatic cancer. There is a link between overweight and obesity to many types of cancer such as esophagus, colorectum, breast, endometrium and kidney. Diets high in fruits and vegetables may have a protective effect against many cancers. Healthy eating habits that prevent the development of diet-associated cancers will also lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. Regular physical activity and the maintenance of a healthy body weight, along with a healthy diet, will considerably reduce cancer risk. National policies and programmes should be implemented to raise awareness and reduce exposure to cancer risk factors, and to ensure that people are provided with the information and support they need to adopt healthy lifestyles. Promote physical activity in workplaces Promote healthy diet and physical activities around schools Develop and implement national guidelines on physical activity. Promote the implementation of legislation on production and consumption of alcohol. It is estimated that 20% of all cancers in developing countries and 6% in developed countries are caused by viral and bacterial infections. Prevention through vaccination, early detection and treatment of these infections will reduce the risk of these cancers. Exposure to carcinogenic chemicals in the environment can occur through drinking water or pollution of indoor ambient air. Exposure to carcinogens also occurs via the contamination of food and water by chemicals such as aflatoxins, dioxins and asbestos. Occupational carcinogens are causally related to cancer of the lung, bladder, larynx, skin, esophagus and leukemia. Ionizing radiation can cause almost any type of cancer particularly leukemia, lung, thyroid and breast cancer. Regulate the disposal of toxic wastes such as industrial, nuclear and electronic wastes. It is an approach that promotes vigilance for early signs and symptoms of disease. Early detection and treatment of cancer is known to reduce greatly the burden of cancers such as cancer of the cervix. Because of the burden and high mortality of breast and cervical cancers, accounting for a total of 34% of the total cancer incidence and combined mortality of 58%, the two cancer types are considered priority cancers for intervention in Ethiopia. Moreover, these two cancers are the ones with proven strategies for early diagnosis and screening. There is some evidence that this strategy can produce "down-staging" (increase in proportion of breast cancers detected at an early stage) of the disease to stages that are more amenable to curative treatment. The most effective and efficient treatment is linked to early detection programmes and follows evidence-based quality of care using a multidisciplinary approach. There are 5 regional oncology centers under construction in five teaching hospitals located in different regions: Jimma, Hawassa, Haromaya, Mekelle and Gondar. There is ongoing specialty training on Oncology (Adult, Pediatrics, and gynecology) and hematology at School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University. Training of health professionals like Oncology Nurses and Radiotherapists will start next year. Develop a staffing plan for optimal use of the radiotherapy unit and develop an education and in/service training plan to implement radiotherapy treatment. Develop a health workforce plan for cancer that addresses education as well as in-service capacity building opportunities, harnessing international, regional and national virtual as well as in-person training platforms Task the professional societies to adapt international guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of cancer for Ethiopia Train different levels of health professionals for cancer diagnosis and treatment Supply personal protective equipment for health professionals who prepare or administer chemotherapy, and train them in its use.

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Sode (The University Parameters in Patients with Acute Poisoning of North Carolina at Chapel Hill medicine 751 buy 100mg epitol overnight delivery, North Carolina – A symptoms 9 weeks pregnant cheap epitol 100mg with amex. Sklifosovsky Enzymatic Biosensors in Neuroscience Research Institute of Emergency Medicine) treatment dynamics order 100mg epitol with visa, M medicine express generic epitol 100mg otc. Goldin (Glen Oaks Community College) treatment tmj cheap epitol master card, 11:00 1842 A Protonic Biotransducer for Controlling and S. Hof (University of South (University of Houston) Florida) 11:00 1892 Nonlinear Time Series Analysis of Nickel in. Wipf Formation By Monitoring the Redox Activity (Mississippi State University) of Copper at the Active Site – A. Simpson (California University, Department of Chemistry) Institute of Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), and J. Rodriguez-Lopez Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry, (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) L01 Electrocatalysis, and Photoelectrochemistry 11:40 1894 the Mechanism of Electrochemical General Session and Grahame Award Oxidation of Sulphite on Gold Nanoparticles Symposium – X. You 15:00 1898 Understanding Charge-Transfer and Kinetic (Argonne National Laboratory) Processes in Particulate Photoelectrode 09:20 1888 Potential-Induced Acid-Base Chemistry Morphologies for Solar Water Splitting – R. Mantelli (Case Bala Chandran (University of Michigan) Western Reserve University), R. Feliu (Instituto de Electroquímica, Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Terminal Universidad de Alicante), and D. Ghobadi (Virginia Commonwealth (Case Western Reserve University) University, Center for Rational Catalyst 09:40 Break Synthesis), T. Gupton (Virginia Commonwealth University, Center for Rational Catalyst Synthesis), and C. Kolosnitsyn (Ufa Institute of Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences) Computational Electrochemistry 5. Polymer Electrolyte Membrane for Fuel Cell Jiang (National Taiwan University of Science – W. Shinoda (Nagoya University) and Technology) 08:40 1943 (Invited) Molecular Dynamics Simulations of the Ionic Conductivity: From Aqueous Polyoxometallates and Nanostructured Metal Electrolytes to Polymer Electrolytes – C. Grazioli (Delft University Polyoxometallates and Nanostructured Metal Oxides in Effcient of Technology), and A. Simone (University of Electrocatalysis, Energy Conversion, and Charge Storage 1 – Padova, Delft University of Technology) 10:00 – 11:50 09:40 1945 Modeling and Simulation of Fiber-Based Chair(s): Pawel J. Simone (University of 10:00 1968 (Keynote) Water-Oxidation By Padova, Delft University of Technology) Polyoxometalate-Complexed Manganese Oxide Nanocrystals: Visible-Light Driven Classical Molecular Dynamics – 10:40 – 11:40 Photoelectrocatalysis through Hierarchical Chair(s): Niels Gronbech-Jensen and Stephen J. Frischknecht (Sandia National Labs) of Carbon Dioxide and Reductive Activation 11:20 1947 Molecular Modeling of Reaction and of Molecular Oxygen for Hydrocarbon Difusion Processes at Electrochemical Oxidation – R. Hwang (University of Texas at 11:20 1970 (Invited) Hybrid Polyxometallate and Metal Austin) Oxide Based Materials of Defned Structure, Electrocatalytic Activity and Charge Storage Properties – P. Rutkowska Simulation Methods – 13:40 – 15:40 (University of Warsaw) Chair(s): Stephen J. Tuckerman 13:40 1948 (Keynote) Nuclear and Electronic Quantum Efects in the Chemical Dynamics of Proton Defects in Hydrogen-Bonded Liquids – T. Markland (Stanford University) 14:40 1949 (Keynote) Accurate Confgurational and Kinetic Measures in Discrete-Time Langevin Dynamics – L. Jensen (The Technical University of Denmark, University of California, Santa Barbara) and N. Gronbech Jensen (University of California, Davis) Lone Star B/C, Dallas Sheraton Convention Center L03 Poster Session – 18:00 – 20:00. Weinstock Pearl 2, Dallas Sheraton Hotel 14:00 1971 (Keynote) Electrocatalysis on Nanostructured Sustainable Materials and Manufacturing 3 Session 1 – 08:30 – 11:30 Metal Oxides – D. Stamenkovic (Argonne National Laboratory) 08:30 2239 (Invited) Diamond Electrodes for Electro 14:40 1972 (Keynote) Benefts and Limitations Chemical Synthesis – T. Zarrin of Metal-Oxide Supports in Proton (Element Six) Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Water Electrolyzers – G. Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems General Herring (Colorado School of Mines) M01 Session 10:30 2243 Research on Potentiostatic Accelerated Test Sensor Method for Fuel Cell Metal Bipolar Plate – R. Zhang (Tongji University) Biosensors – 14:00 – 16:00 10:50 2244 Quantitative Analysis Efect of the Cathode Chair(s): Aleksandr Simonian and Larry A. Yang 14:00 1999 (Invited) Nanomaterial-Based (Tongji University) Electrochemical Sensors for Environmental, 11:10 2245 Fluoride Electroadsorption on Activated Food Quality, and Medical Applications – A. Sustainable Materials and Manufacturing 3 Session 2 – 14:00 – 15:20 Manoukian, M. Henry (Mote Marine Laboratory) Gautam Banerjee 15:00 2001 A Novel Microbiosensor Microarray for. Arumugam (Louisiana Tech Haarberg (Norwegian University of Science and University) Technology), T. Nohira (Institute of Advanced 15:20 2002 Thin Hematite Film Based Flavin Energy, Kyoto Univ. Nanomaterial Modifed Sensors: A Promising Chen (National Taiwan University) Future – S. Nogueira (Federal on Battery Material Using Scanning University of Sao Carlos) Electrochemical Cell Microscopy – T. Schechter (Department of Chemical Almeida (Federal University of São Paulo, Sciences, Ariel University), P. Bertazzoli 10:40 2261 Operando Atomic Force Microscopy Reveals (State University of Campinas), R. Takahashi (Tohoku By Liquid Cell Transmission Electron University) Microscopy – S. Ranaweera (Wayne State Pearl 1, Dallas Sheraton Hotel University) Nanoscale Electrochemical Imaging and Detection 1 – 08:25 – 12:00 Chair(s): Petr Vanýsek, Tomokazu Matsue and Hoydoo You Nanoscale Electrochemical Imaging and Detection 2 – 14:00 – 16:00 Chair(s): David E. Cliffel and Nongjian Tao 08:25 Welcoming Remarks 14:00 2265 Electrode Stimulation: Heterogeneous 08:30 2256 Micropatterning of Metals by Tip Electrode Electron Transfer Reactions Induced By Dissolution and Imaging of Oxygen Modulation of Electrostatic Potentials in the Reduction Reaction Using Scanning Electrolyte – Q. Scherson (Case Western Reserve University) Lee (Ewha Womans University) 14:20 2266 Investigation of Cell Microenvironment 08:50 2257 Revealing the Dynamics of Single-Molecule Efect on Cell Behaviors Using Reactions in a Single-Molecule Nanoreactor – Electrochemical Scanning Probe Microscopy K. Dow Memorial Student (Universidad de La Laguna) Achievement Award Address – Pearl 5, 15:20 2269 Enhanced Electrochromic Properties of a Sheraton Hotel Nickel Oxide-Alanine Film – K. Dielectric Science and Technology 15:40 2270 Photoelectrochemical Microscopy of Ultrathin Liquid Junction Solar Cells Division Thomas D. Energy Technology Division Research Award Address – Houston Ballroom C, Sheraton Convention Center 1800h. Technical Exhibit, General and Student Poster Session – Lone Star B/C, Sheraton Convention Center Battery and Energy Technology A01 Joint General Session Energy Technology / Battery Houston Ballroom A, Dallas Sheraton Convention Center Advances in Batteries 1 – 08:00 – 12:00 Chair(s): Loraine Torres-Castro, Mohan Karulkar and Jie Xiao 08:00 47 High Precision Characterization of Li-Ion Batteries during Extreme Fast Charging – M. Iyuke (School of Rich Oxyfuoride and the Impact of Their Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering,) Defects in Electrochemical Performances 09:40 Break – J. Kruk (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology), and 10:20 53 Fluorination of Vanadium Oxy-Phosphate R. Semsari Parapari (National Slovenia) Institute of Chemistry Slovenia, Sabanci University Turkey), J. Brett (University College Shen (Ningbo Instutute, Chinese Academy of London) Sciences) 16:40 65 Conversion Reaction of Nanoporous 11:20 56 Aging and Electrode Inhomogeneity in ZnO Forstable Electrochemical Cycling Commercial 18650 Lithium-Ion Cells during of Binderless Simicroparticle Composite Long-Term Cycling – H. Kheawhom Wisconsin-Madison) (Chulalongkorn University) 17:20 67 Anion-Dependent Perturbations in Ionic Liquid Structure Probed By High-Energy Advances in Batteries 2 – 14:00 – 18:00 X-Ray Scattering – R. Coulthard (Yale Chair(s): Mohan Karulkar, Loraine Torres-Castro and Jie Xiao University), T. Zobel (University 14:00 58 Silicon Encapsulated All Solid-State Li of Bayreuth), S. Watson Research Center) Livermore National Laboratory) 14:20 59 Electroless Synthesis Approach for Cu2o-CuO 17:40 68 A Solvent-Free Approach to Lithium-Ion Nanowires/Whiskers on C-Felt for Lithium Battery Electrodes Using Melt-Processable Ion Battery Anode Materials – V. Nanda Kim (Hanyang University) 11:40 256 New Si Nanofber Mat Designs for Li-Ion 08:00 246 Si/C Composite As an Anode Material with Battery Anodes – A. Ashuri (Wanger Institute for Sustainable Energy Research, Lone Star A1, Dallas Sheraton Convention Center Illinois Institute of Technology), Y. Liu (Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Non Aqueous Electrolytes – 08:00 – 12:30 Laboratory), and L. Xu (Pacifc Northwest National (Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar) Laboratory) 08:40 248 Fluorination of Mxene by Elemental F2 as 08:30 258 Ionic Liquid-Based Electrolytes for High Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries – C. Watanabe (Yokohama National High-Volumetric Capacity for Lithium University) Ion Batteries – B. Lucht 09:20 250 Carbon Nanospheres-Encapsulated Silicon (University of Rhode Island) Anode from Solvent-Free Mechanofusion 09:30 Break Process for Ultrahigh Stable Lithium Silicon Batteries – J. Incombustible Inorganic Liquid Electrolyte Sawangphruk (Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Towards Room-Temperature Na Science and Technology) Rechargeable Battery – H. Stradins Laboratory) (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) 10:30 263 Ethylene Carbonate-Free Electrolytes for 10:40 253 Insights into the Phase Transformation High-Nickel Layered Oxide Cathodes – W. Tahmasebi (The Hong Kong Polytechnic 10:50 264 New Electrolyte Additives for High Voltage University), D. Sun (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) (The Hong Kong Polytechnic University) 11:10 265 Evaluation of the Solid Electrolyte 11:00 254 Temperature Infuence on Silicon-Based Interphase Formed in Lithium Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries – M. Attanayake (Department of Chemistry, 16:00 276 Computational Study of Electronic Current University of Kentucky), and A. Kaur Efect on Sulfur Conversion Reactions Under (University of Kentucky) Lean Electrolyte Conditions – F. Wu (Oak 16:20 277 Computational Studies of Organic Sulfdes Ridge National Laboratory, Purdue University), for Energy Storage – Y. Belharouak (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) 16:40 278 Nanoengineered Separators for a High Energy Density, Long Cycle Life Li-S Battery 12:10 268 Efect of Salt Concentration in Sulfolane – W. Balbuena (Texas A& M University) Lithium Sulfur Batteries 3 – 13:40 – 18:20 17:20 280 Investigating the Efect of Lewis Acid Base Chair(s): S. Kalra (Drexel FeS2 Nanotubes for High-Performance University) Lithium-Sulfur Batteries – Z. Liu (West Virginia 17:40 281 Modeling the Efect of Electrolyte-to-Sulfur University) Ratio in the Cathode on the Systems-Level Performance of a Li-S Battery – N. Emerce 14:00 270 Intercalating Solid State Electrolyte Based (Middle East Technical University) and D. Composite Electrode for Lithium-Sulfur Eroglu (Bogazici University) Batteries – A. Moy (University of Southern 18:00 282 A Fast-Charging Long-Life Li–S California), E. Narayanan (University of Southern California) Chu (Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica), N. Technology Research Institute) Dong (Xiamen University) 14:40 272 the Reaction between Metal Disulfdes Lone Star A2, Dallas Sheraton Convention Center Interlayer and Polysulfdes in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries – A. Camacho-Forero (Department of Chemical Crystalline Silicon Lithium Ion Battery Engineering, Texas A&M University) and P. Lennon 15:20 274 the Role of Electrolyte Additives on (University of New South Wales) the Stability and Electrochemical 14:20 284 On the Potentialities of Lithiated Iron Performance of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries – Hydroxisulfdes for Lithium Ion Battery – C. Sagara (Technology Innovation Division, Electrochemistry Panasonic Corporation), B.

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